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PPP Loan Forgiveness Application Details

Client Alert

As PPP loan recipients start to take stock of how they’ve used funds over the eight-week period, many businesses are eager to move ahead with the forgiveness portion of the program. How much of the loan will be forgiven is determined by the Small Business Administration (“SBA”), as provided in the CARES Act.[1] Over the weekend, the Department of Treasury released details on the forgiveness application, which can be found here.

Fund Usage

If the PPP funds are used to make payments on (1) payroll costs, (2) interest on mortgage obligations, (3) rent/lease payments for real and personal property, and (4) utility payments, those funds will be forgiven. However, a borrower’s use of PPP funds may only be forgiven if payroll costs account for 75% or more of the payments. That means only 25% of the payments forgiven can be for used for interest on mortgage obligations, rent, and utility payments.

Note that this is the first time that rent/lease payments from personal property have been indicated under the PPP forgiveness program. 

Payroll Cost Details

Eligible payroll costs are considered paid on the date payroll checks are distributed. The payroll costs are considered “incurred” on the day the employee’s pay is earned. Payroll costs incurred but not paid during the borrower’s last pay period of the covered period are eligible for forgiveness if paid on or before the next regular payroll date. Recall that the covered period as specified in the CARES Act begins at the time of receipt of the PPP funds. This may cause difficulty for many borrowers that use bi-weekly (or more frequent) pay periods if the receipt of the loan proceeds didn’t line up with the first day of their specific pay period. Under the guidance indicated in the Forgiveness Application, borrowers may elect to use an Alternative Payroll Covered Period which would begin on the first day of the first pay period occurring after their receipt of the PPP loan funds.

The Other 25%

Payments on mortgage interest, rent, and utility payments must be paid or incurred during the covered period and paid by the next regular billing date (even if payments occur after the covered period).  Utility payments include electricity, gas, water, transportation, telephone, or internet access. 

Forgiveness Formula

Any amounts forgiven under the PPP will be considered “canceled indebtedness” by the SBA. Such canceled indebtedness will not be taxed by the federal government.

The amount forgiven cannot exceed the principal amount of the financing originally made from the SBA. Additionally, the amount forgiven will be decreased proportionately based on the reduction in the number of employees on a borrower’s payroll. This reduction will only occur if the borrower does not maintain the same number of employees the borrower listed in its’ application. There is, however, an exception: if a borrower lays off an employee, offers to rehire the employee, and the employee refuses, the reduction in the number of employees of borrower will not penalize the borrower for loan forgiveness purposes. Further, the amount forgiven will be decreased proportionately based on the reduction in the salary of employees on a borrower’s payroll, if that salary decrease is greater than 25% of employee’s original salary. 

Application & Forgiveness Approval Protocol

A borrower seeking loan forgiveness must submit a forgiveness application to its SBA lender. The lender’s application must include documentation that:

  • Verifies the number of full-time equivalent employees,
  • Includes pay rates (IRS payroll taxes, state income, payroll, and unemployment insurance filings),
  • Verifies payments on mortgage interest, rent, or utilities, and
  • Certifies the use of funds is true, correct, and complies with the CARES Act.

The verification of full-time equivalents may be calculated, at the election of the borrower, on either of the following time frames: 02/15/2019 – 06/30/2019 or 01/01/2020 – 02/29/2020. The verification of pay rates will be calculated by the employee’s most recent full quarter during which the employee was employed before the covered period. All of this documentation must be maintained for at least 6 years by the borrower.

The lender must issue the borrower a decision on the amount of the loan forgiven within 60 days after the borrower files the loan forgiveness application. All loans in excess of $2 million will be reviewed by the Department of Treasury when a loan forgiveness application is received.

[1] CARE Act Section 1106: Loan Forgiveness.

New York, Kansas, Massachusetts, and Delaware Become the latest States to Adopt Full Practice Authority for Nurse Practitioners

While the COVID-19 pandemic certainly created many obstacles and hardships, it also created many opportunities to try doing things differently. This can be seen in the instant rise of remote work opportunities, telehealth visits, and virtual meetings. Many States took the challenges of the pandemic and turned them into an opportunity to adjust the regulations governing licensed professionals, including for advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs).

Explosive Growth in Pot of Gold Opportunity for Bank (and Other) Cannabis Lenders Driving Erosion of the Barriers

Our original article on bank lending to the cannabis industry anticipated that the convergence of interest between banks and the cannabis industry would draw more and larger banks to the industry. Banks were awash in liquidity with limited deployment options, while bankable cannabis businesses had rapidly growing needs for more and lower cost credit. Since then, the pot of gold opportunity for banks to lend into the cannabis industry has grown exponentially due to a combination of market constraints on equity causing a dramatic shift to debt and the ever-increasing capital needs of one of the country’s fastest growing industries. At the same time, hurdles to entry of new banks are being systematically cleared as the yellow brick road to the cannabis industry’s access to the financial markets is being paved, brick by brick, by the progressively increasing number and size of banks that are now entering the market.

2021 EEOC Charge Statistics: Retaliation & Impact of Remote Work

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) released its detailed information on workplace discrimination charges it received in 2021. Unsurprisingly, for the second year in a row, the total number of charges decreased as COVID-19 either shut down workplaces or disconnected employees from each other. In 2021, the agency received a total of approximately 61,000 workplace discrimination charges - the fewest in 25 years by a wide margin. For reference, the agency received over 67,000 charges in 2020, and averaged almost 90,000 charges per year over the previous 10 years.

Ohio’s Managed Care Overhaul Delayed – New Implementation Timeline

At the direction of Governor Mike DeWine, the Ohio Department of Medicaid (ODM) launched the Medicaid Managed Care Procurement process in 2019. ODM’s stated vision for the procurement was to focus on people and not just the business of managed care. This is the first structural change to Ohio’s managed care system since the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) approval of Ohio’s Medicaid program in 2005. Initially, all of the new managed care programs were supposed to be implemented starting on July 1, 2022. However, ODM Director Maureen Corcoran recently confirmed that this date will be pushed back for several managed care-related programs.

Laboratory Specimen Collection Arrangements with Contract Hospitals - OIG Advisory Opinion 22-09

On April 28, 2022, the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) published an Advisory Opinion[1] in which it evaluated a proposed arrangement where a network of clinical laboratories (the “Requestor”) would compensate hospitals (each a “Contract Hospital”) for specimen collection, processing, and handling services (“Collection Services”) for laboratory tests furnished by the Requestor (the “Proposed Arrangement”). The OIG concluded that the Proposed Arrangement would generate prohibited remuneration under the federal Anti-Kickback Statute (“AKS”) if the requisite intent were present. This is due to both the possibility that the proposed per-patient-encounter fee would be used to induce or reward referrals to Requestor and the associated risk of improperly steering patients to Requestor.