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Pondering Over Patient Billing: CARES Act and Provider Relief Fund Lead to More Questions

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released its first round of $30 billion payments to healthcare providers in furtherance of the CARES Act Provider Relief Fund on April 9, 2020. Providers that received Medicare fee-for-service payments in 2019 received an electronic or paper check stimulus payment. Providers have 30 days from the date of payment receipt to log onto the HHS portal and attest to the Terms and Conditions. HHS issued slight clarifications to the Terms and Conditions on April 16, 2020, which makes it easier for providers to attest to the Terms and Conditions. See our alert regarding updates to the new guidance on T&Cs. However, it also raises some additional questions related to patient balance billing and provider record-keeping requirements. 

On April 11, 2020, HHS, along with the Department of Labor and Department of the Treasury, issued jointly prepared FAQs regarding the FFCRA, the CARES Act, and other health coverage issues. The FFCRA was enacted on March 18, 2020 and requires group health plans and health insurance issuers to provide benefits for certain items and services related to diagnostic testing for COVID-19. Additionally, plans and issuers must provide coverage without imposing any cost-sharing requirements (deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance), prior authorization, or other medical management requirements.  

The CARES Act was enacted on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act expanded the range of COVID-related items and services that must be covered by plans and issuers. Again, this coverage cannot impose cost-sharing requirements, prior authorizations, or other medical management requirements. The CARES Act also requires plans and issuers to reimburse a provider of COVID-19 diagnostic testing either (1) the negotiated rate, or (2) the cash price for the service that is published on the provider’s public website. It is important for providers to have fee schedules for COVID-19 diagnostic tests and publish the fee schedule on the provider’s website.   

Here are some important clarifications from the joint FAQs

  • All types of plans are subject to the FFCRA and CARES Act requirements, including fully insured and self-funded plans, private employment-based group health plans, non-federal governmental, and church plans. 
  • Plans and issuers must provide coverage for items or services with dates of service as of March 18, 2020 and continuing throughout the duration of the public health emergency (as determined by the Secretary of HHS). 
  • Plans and issuers must cover approved COVID-19 diagnostic tests (including in vitro diagnostic tests) as well as healthcare provider office visits (both in-person and telehealth visits), urgent care center visits, and emergency room visits that are COVID-related. 
  • Plans and issuers must cover additional items and services that are related to the determination of whether an individual needs a COVID-19 diagnostic test (e.g. influenza test, blood test, etc.) where the result of such additional items or services is that the individual does, in fact, need a COVID-19 diagnostic test. Again, the plan or issuer must provide coverage without imposing cost-sharing obligations, prior authorization or other medical management requirements. 

The FFCRA and the CARES Act largely dealt with group health plans and health insurance issuers. Industry commentary questioned the provider’s responsibility in patient billing to avoid billing surprises. The CARES Act established the Provider Relief Fund, which is a $100 billion fund designed to reimburse eligible health care providers for healthcare related expenses associated with COVID-related items and services provided to uninsured patients. Providers must agree to certain Terms and Conditions in order to accept these funds. The Terms and Conditions state that providers cannot “balance bill” patients “for all care for a possible or actual case of COVID-19.” Additionally, providers must agree to refrain from billing uninsured patients for items and services related to COVID-19 diagnosis. 

On April 16, 2020, HHS clarified that care does not have to be specific to treating COVID-19 as, “HHS broadly views every patient as a possible case of COVID-19.”  While this clarification certainly makes it easier for providers to attest to certain of the Terms and Conditions, it causes uncertainty with respect to balance billing patients and waiving of patient cost-sharing amounts applicable to out-of-network patients. Using HHS’s broad view that every patient is viewed as a possible case of COVID-19, it appears that the Terms and Conditions would require providers to treat and bill each patient as in-network. Further, providers must ensure that payors are properly paying all patient cost-sharing obligations as required by the FFCRA and the CARES Act.  

Providers must ensure proper record keeping related to the Provider Relief Fund payments as well as compliant billing policies and procedures. Providers may schedule a consultation session with Attorney Amanda Waesch at a discounted rate of $250. For more information, please contact Amanda Waesch at alwaesch@bmdllc.com or 330-253-9185. 

Medicaid Announces Next Generation of Managed Care Organizations

For the first time since 2005, the Ohio Department of Medicaid (“ODM”) made significant changes to the structure of the Medicaid program by finalizing the Medicaid Managed Care Procurement process. The Procurement process began in 2019 at the behest of Governor Mike DeWine who had a goal to make Medicaid managed care more focused on the health and well-being of individuals.

BMD Appellate Win Clarifies Waiver of Contractual Right to Arbitrate

Brennan, Manna & Diamond, LLC attorneys David M. Scott, Lucas K. Palmer, and Krista D. Warren prevailed before the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit regarding if/when a party waives a contractual right to arbitrate. Borror Property Management, LLC v. Oro Karric North, LLC, No. 20-3146 (the “Decision”).

Relief for Ohio Under the Federal American Rescue Plan Act

On March 11, 2021, President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan Act (the “Act”) — a $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief package — a significant portion of which will be directed to the State of Ohio to support economic recovery, as outlined below.

Cleveland Manufacturer Violated OFAC Sanctions By Allowing Shipments To Iran - Know Your Customer and Know Their Customer

UniControl, Inc., a Cleveland, Ohio manufacturer of process controls, airflow pressure switches, boiler controls and other instruments, agreed to pay the Office of Foreign Assets Control “OFAC,” the financial enforcement agency of the U.S. Treasury Department, $216,464 to settle its liabilities for violations of the Iran Sanctions Program. OFAC stated that “this enforcement action highlights the importance of identifying and assessing multiple warning signs that indicate a foreign trade partner may be re-exporting goods to a sanctioned jurisdiction.”

Ohio Breach of Contract Statute of Limitations Shortened to 6 Years

On March 16, 2021, Governor DeWine signed into law S.B. 13 which shortens Ohio’s statute of limitations for filing lawsuits based on breach of contract. A statute of limitation is the time period within which a party must file a lawsuit before its claim expires as a matter of law.