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The U.S. Department of Labor Proposes FLSA Changes to Give Millions of Workers Overtime Pay Protection

Client Alert

On August 30th, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) announced a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) proposing new regulations to guarantee overtime pay protection for millions of employees. Specifically, the NPRM proposes to change the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) regulations with the following:

  • Increase the salary threshold for bona fide executive, administrative, and professional (EAP) employees from $35,668 annually to $55,068,
  • Increase the salary threshold for highly compensated employees (HCE) from $107,432 annually to $143,988,
  • Apply these salary changes to U.S. territories and to employees in the motion picture industry, and
  • Automatically update these earning thresholds every three years with current wage data.

The FLSA establishes minimum wage and overtime pay for employees in the private sector and in federal, state, and local governments. Non-exempt workers are guaranteed a federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour and overtime pay of not less than one and one-half times their regular pay rate after 40 hours of work in a week.

Current FLSA regulations provide that EAP employees who earn a salary of $35,668 annually and perform duties within the EAP description (e.g., management, directing the work of others, performance of work requiring advanced knowledge, etc.) are exempt from FLSA protection. Similarly, current FLSA regulations exempt HCEs who earn a salary of $107,432.

EAP regulations were last updated in 2019. The DOL noted that keeping the earnings threshold up to date would benefit both workers and employers. Further, the DOL hopes FLSA thresholds reflect current economic conditions. In the first year, the DOL has estimated that 3.4 million workers exempt under current regulations will become newly entitled to overtime protection if the NPRM goes into effect.

The NPRM will be open for public comment for 60 days to consider comments before issuing a final rule. While it is uncertain when the NPRM could be finalized or whether it would be upheld by courts, employers should start to prepare for its potential issuance by re-considering exemptions in their current workforce.

Should you have any questions concerning the NPRM, please contact BMD Member John Childs at or BMD Labor & Employment Partner and Co-Chair of its Labor & Employment DivisionBryan Meek, at

Starting an Advanced Practice Provider Practice

Advanced practice providers (APPs), which includes non-physician providers such as nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and nurse anesthetists, commonly start their own healthcare practices. Practices may provide, for example, service offerings such as primary care, anesthesiology, mental health, and aesthetics (medical spas). However, there are a number of considerations and steps that must be taken for APPs to compliantly function independently.

FTC Increases Targeting of Companies Lacking Cyber Protection

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) recently released a comprehensive cybersecurity report outlining key findings and recommendations based on emerging threats, trends in data breaches, and strategies for businesses to enhance their cybersecurity posture observed over the last year.

New Federal Medical Conscience Rule and Its Implications

The Department of Health and Human Services Office for Civil Rights issued a Final Rule to clarify protections for healthcare providers who refuse services based on religious or moral beliefs. This includes protection against discrimination for refusing procedures like assisted suicide or abortion. The OCR can receive complaints, conduct investigations, and enforce these protections. Entities are encouraged to update policies accordingly and display a model notice provided by the OCR.

Marijuana Reclassification and APRN/PA Prescribing

Marijuana is expected to be reclassified by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) from a Schedule I controlled substance to a Schedule III controlled substance as a result of efforts by the Biden administration.

Federal Trade Commission Voids Non-Compete Agreements Nationwide

On April 23, 2024, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) issued its Final Rule containing regulations impacting non-compete agreements across the country for all employees. The Final Rule implements some of the most impactful changes to employment law during this century. The Final Rule will take effect 120 days from its publication in the Federal Register, which we expect to occur within the next few weeks.