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Trulieve Tax Announcement and the ICLC Growth Spurt

Blog Post

On March 12, leading cannabis tax lawyer James Mann made an extremely timely virtual presentation to ICLC participants regarding the announcement by Trulieve of its receipt of more than $100 million of tax refunds in connection with a challenge to what it owes under Section 280E of the Internal Revenue Code. 

James described the “reasonable basis” tax opinion on which the challenges to 280E by Trulieve and other cannabis companies are based. He noted that a predicate for such opinions was at least a 20% chance of success on the challenges and encouraged ICLC participants to carefully review the financial statement and footnote disclosures on the challenge contained in Trulieve’s most recent SEC Form 10K. 

While emphasizing the relatively low bar for the reasonable basis opinion, and that a successful challenge would require reversal of a 2005 US Supreme Court precedent, James also noted the apparent receptivity of the current Court to overturning precedent and indications that certain Justices might be sympathetic to: the 280E arguments of Trulieve and others taking a similar position. 

Before taking questions from the participants, James also outlined four potential outcomes from pursuing this approach, discounting one of those—that the IRS would lose interest in pursuing existing/prior 280E claims after a hoped for rescheduling by the DEA—which he emphasized (unlike the challenges underlying the position of Trulieve and the others making similar challenges to any application of 280E) would only prospectively relieve the cannabis industry from the application of 280E. 

To the extent a significant number of cannabis companies seek to use “reasonable basis” opinions to claim refunds and/or in connection with future returns, Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion may come into play: “for every action, there’s an equal and opposite reaction.” Although, unlike James, we are not experts on cannabis taxation, we do understand that the IRS is not without recourse, having options such as denying refund claims and placing the litigation burden on the taxpayer and/or accelerating the audit process, perhaps by establishing a dedicated task force.  

In the aftermath of our announcement that First Citizens, with more than $200 billion of assets the nation’s 19th largest bank, had joined the ICLC, we are also pleased to report that Safe Harbor Financial, a publicly traded financial technology company focused on cannabis industry finance and banking, has joined the ICLC. While not a bank, in addition to direct lending and participations, Safe Harbor facilitates the provision of a full range of banking services, including lending, by its partner financial institutions: Colorado Credit Union; Arvada, CO (Member NCUA; Five Star Bank, Warsaw, NY (Member FDIC) and Pacific Valley Bank, Salinas, CA (Member FDIC). Since its formation in 2015, Safe Harbor reports that it has processed more than $12 billion in cannabis related funds into the financial system.

For more information, please reach out to Stephen Lenn at or Brandon Pauley at

Entourage Effect and Shield Compliance Join the ICLC

In a continuation of its recent growth, only a bit more than a year after its organization, the ICLC is pleased to announce the addition of 3 more new participants. One of these is a commercial bank. In accordance with our commitment to our bank participants, they are not identified outside the Community unless they specifically authorize it. The other 2, Entourage Effect Capital (EEC) and Shield Compliance, are each well known within the cannabis industry and will enhance the ICLC’s potential value to its participants, enriching the spectrum of relevant and accretive cannabis industry experience, skillsets and perspectives available to them.

Another Big Move Out of the Shadows; First Citizens Bank, the nation’s 19th largest, poised to enter the Cannabis Market

A commentary on cannabis and hemp dated January 12, 2024 posted by First Citizens Bank on its website reflects the decision by the Bank to extend its very substantial hemp/CBD platform into the cannabis space.

A Closer Look at Cannabis

At the Nov. 30 Akron Roundtable event "A Closer Look at Cannabis," moderated by Andrew Meyer, deputy editor of news Ideastream Public Media, a varied group of panelists spoke about expected and potential outcomes and efforts of marijuana legalization.

Out of the Shadows - Cannabis Going Mainstream

BMD Phoenix Office Managing Partner, Stephen Lenn, recently discussed today's cannabis industry at an Akron Roundtable as part of their "Bringing it Home" series.

Institutional Cannabis Lenders Community Holds First Meeting

BMD Attorneys Stephen Lenn and Brandon Pauley have organized the Institutional Cannabis Lenders Community (ICLC), which is a community of institutional lenders include banks, credit unions, dedicated cannabis loan funds and family office/ultra-high net worth investors and are excited to announce that the group recently held its first meeting. The more than 20 participants in the ICLC, which was organized to enhance relationships among institutional cannabis lenders and provide forums for evolving best practices, include 4 of the major cannabis loan, more than a dozen banks and credit unions, and a cross section of other organizations that are involved in institutional cannabis finance activities.